The First Negative Constructive

The First Negative Constructive (1NC) is 8 minutes long in high school and 9 minutes long in college.

Here, the Neg will present their own positions and answer the Aff’s case. Their own positions will be some combination of Disadvantages, Counterplans, Kritiks, and Procedurals (Topicality or Theory). These are known as “offcase” positions – there can be as many as 10+, or as few as 1.

Then, the Neg will go onto the Aff case and answer it with defense (or offense). The purpose is to defeat the Aff’s advantages.